Teotihuacan, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Teotihuacan was a pre-Columbian city of Mesoamerica located in the Mexican Valley, about 40 kilometers from the modern Mexico City. Today, it is one of the largest Mesoamerican archeological sites known for its imposing pyramids and valuable architectures. The city and the archaeological site are located in what is today the municipality of San Juan Teotihuacán in the federal state of Mexico. The site covers a total area of 83 square kilometers and has been designated UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

UNESCO, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

UNESCO

It is the most visited archaeological site in Mexico. The early years of Teotihuacan’s story are wrapped in a mystery, and the origin of its founders is still the topic of discussion. For many years archaeologists have believed that it was built by the people of the Toltec, one of the oldest Mexican civilizations.

Toltec, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Toltec

Some scholars nominate the Totonac people as founders of Teotihuacan, but the debate is still open. There is evidence that at least some of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan come from different areas of the Teotihuacan influenza area, and there is the presence of ethnic Zapotec, Mixtec, and Maya.

Maya, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Maya

The culture and architecture of Teotihuacan were influenced by those of Olmec civilization, which is considered the “mother civilization” of the various Central American cultures.

 

Olmec, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Olmec

The Teotihuacán building, which according to legend lies in the place where the gods gathered to design the creation of man, began around 300 BC, while the Pyramid of the Sun was built in about 150 BC.

Sun pyramid, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Sun pyramid

The city reached the peak of its splendor in the period between 150 and 450 when it was the main center of an important culture dominating Central America, exerting a power and influence comparable to those of ancient Rome. 

 

Rome, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Rome

At the time of maximum development, it had an amplitude of more than 30 km² and probably housed a population of more than 150,000 people, possibly reaching 200,000. The various neighborhoods of the city hosted people from all over the Teotihuacan empire. Nevertheless, the Totonac always maintained that they were the ones who built it, a tradition that followed the Aztecs in successive times.

Aztecs, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Aztecs

The religion practiced at Teotihuacan was similar to those of other Central American civilizations. Many of the worshipers were worshiped as the Feathered Snake and the God of Rain.

Feathered snake, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Feathered snake

Teotihuacan was an important religious center, and probably the priestly class also exercised broadly political power. As was the case in other cultures in the region, human sacrifices were practiced at Teotihuacan: during the excavations of the pyramids, the remains of both men and animals were sacrificed to the gods. It is thought that when the buildings were built ex novo or expanded, sacrifices were made to consecrate them. On the sides of the large central boulevard of the city, called “avenue of the dead”, still awesome ceremonial buildings arise, including the immense Pyramid of the Sun, the Pyramid of the Moon, and many other platforms. Later, along with the Avenue of the Dead, there is the area known as The Citadel that includes the Templar Snake Temple, nowadays rather ruined.

Teotihuacan, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

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Teotihuacan, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Teotihuacan