Rosetta stone, definition and study; A-Z index of Cognitio.
The Rosetta Stone is an Egyptian granite stele that shows an inscription divided into registers, in three different spellings: hieroglyphic, demotic and ancient Greek.
The inscription is the text of a Ptolemaic decree issued in 196 BC. in honor of the pharaoh Ptolemy V Epifane, at the age of thirteen, on the occasion of the first anniversary of his coronation. Since it is almost the same text, the stele offered, thanks to the Greek part, a decisive key for understanding hieroglyphics. The name derives from the Latinized one of Rosetta, today known as Rashid, an ancient city on the Nile delta, in the Buhayra Governorate, where it was discovered in 1799 by Pierre-François Bouchard, captain in the Napoleonic Campaign in Egypt by Napoleon Bonaparte.
It was long disputed between France and England, and since 1802 it has been in London in the British Museum, of which, with mummies, it is the most popular object. The text reports all the benefits rendered to the country by Pharaoh, the taxes repealed by him, the consequent decision of the clergy to erect a statue in his honor in all the temples of the country, gold statues to be placed next to those of the gods and hold numerous celebrations in honor of the pharaohs.
It also establishes that the decree is published in the writing of the “words of the gods” (hieroglyphics), in the writing of the people (demotic) and in Greek. The Rosetta Stone is actually the fragment of a larger stele. The numerous searches of the other pieces, carried out at the Rosetta site, have not given positive results and due to its state, none of the three texts is complete. The term “Rosetta stone” is used idiomatically to represent a fundamental key for the decryption process of coded information, especially when a small, but representative sample, is recognized as the key to understanding a larger one.
Quote by Alessandro Brizzi
I am absolutely convinced that one day we will find the key to understanding the alien language, in our infinite cosmos and especially in some planets of our solar system, evidence of ancient civilizations similar to Earth has been found, without any doubt that the ancient Egyptians have some something in common with the ancient civilizations of Mars for example … Who knows maybe one day we will find the Martian Rosetta stone …
Rosetta stone, definition and study.
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