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Mesopotamia: On the road, before the alphabet. A millennial history that of Mesopotamia, a succession of civilizations and famous or mysterious peoples: Sumerians, Akkadians, Gutei, Amorites, Babylonians, Kassites, Assyrians, Persians … And it is in this region, almost simultaneously with Egypt, that around 3,200 BC He is born for the first time writing: the means by which humanity began broadcasting in time and space his knowledge, giving rise to what we now call history. Set up by the Sumerians, cuneiform writing spread rapidly throughout the region, to stay in use for 3,500 years (whereas our alphabet has “only” 2,500).

Clay tablet with an envelope enclosed inside. The envelope contains a memo on a quantity of refined copper, certified by more individuals, which is also supplied the patronymic.

Two caprines in squatting position are surmounted by two-hybrid winged creatures flying. One of them is grabbed by the tail by a demon with a human body and animal head. A decorative element abstract arboriform closes the scene.

Vase double layered in chlorite whose decoration recalls the huts that are still observable in the low alluvial Mesopotamian.

Commemorative inscription of Gudea, reminiscent of the construction of a temple to the god Nindaraa to Girsu, the Lagash Templar neighborhood.

Registration real Cyrus the Great (559-529 BC), in which the legitimate sovereign his conquest of Babylon in 539 a. Christ. Cyrus appears as chosen by the Babylonian god Marduk to restore peace in Mesopotamia. Finally, the king asks Marduk protection and also help his son Cambyses.

Brick by brick Standard presents an inscription of Nabu-kudurri-usur, king of Babylon (605-562 BC) known as Nebuchadnezzar from the Old Testament. In it, the king gives his royal title, proclaims himself “administrator” of the two major Babylonian temples – the Esagila, the main sanctuary of the god Marduk in Babylon, and Ezida, Temple of Nabu and Marduk in Borsippa – and indicates the his descent from the former king Nabu-apal-usur (= Nabopolassar).

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Mesopotamia On the road, before the alphabet.