Historical UFOs, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

In ancient Greece the leader Timoleone, according to Diodoro Siculo, in 343 BC he saw a flying torch on a cruise ship between Corinth and Sicily.

Some Latin authors have reported news of artifacts clipping ardentes in the skies of the territory of ancient Rome, including that in Apulia in 217 BC. and that which occurred in Tarquinia in 100 BC Other alleged UFO sightings were reported in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.

UFO, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

UFO

Annales Laurissenses reports that 776, during the reign of Charlemagne, appeared in the sky of Sigiburg (now Hohensyburg) two fire red shields. Among the sightings of the sixteenth century are the celestial phenomena of Nuremberg in 1561 and the celestial phenomenon of Basel in 1566. 

In the nineteenth century

  • On August 12, 1883, professor and astronomer José A. Bonilla at the Zacatecas station in Mexico reported that he had observed a long and long formation of opaque objects lurking between his telescope and the disk of the sun. The photograph taken by the scholar is considered by the asserts of the existence of flying objects as the first photographic testimony of history.

    On August 12, 1883, professor and astronomer José A. Bonilla

    On August 12, 1883, professor and astronomer José A. Bonilla

  • The spaceships are a kind of historical anticipation of the phenomenon that only from the 1950s will be commonly called “UFOs”. Some sightings of alleged flying ships were reported towards the end of the nineteenth century across the west coast of the United States of America. Many spaceships were in all probability straightforward, but some doubts were not loosened. Also other parts of the world were spotted by other unidentified flying boats at certain times: after the US spaceships, the most famous case is that of the late 19th century ghost aeronautics of Scandinavia.
    Spaceship, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

    Spaceship

    In the years 40

  • Already during the Second World War there are several testimonies of allied military aircraft pilots claiming to have been flying in flight by strange light phenomena, initially exchanged for hypothetical enemy secret weapons. These optical objects or phenomena, unknowingly revealed and nicknamed “Foo fighters” by the pilots, as well as manifest behaviors that can be traced back to some (non-human intelligence forms), often showed incredible speed and amazing maneuvers, to the limits of physical, impossible laws for pilots of the time.

    Foo fighter, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

    Foo fighter

  • Battle of Los Angeles: At the end of February 1942, there were several airborne alarms in the skies of California, which were attributed to Japanese planes. At the end of the war it was known that the Japanese had not launched any attacks. False alarms were explained with meteorological sightings, but some UFOs suspect that it could be extraterrestrial vehicles.

    Battle of Los Angeles

    Battle of Los Angeles

  • Ghost Rockets: In 1946, many rocket-shaped objects were scanned in Skies of Scandinavia. It was hypothesized that it could be meteor or experimental rockets launched by the Soviet Union. The hypothesis that could be extraterrestrial vehicles was also advanced.

    Ghost Rockets In 1946

    Ghost Rockets In 1946

  • Modern UFO was born on June 24, 1947, when Kenneth Arnold, a wealthy US businessman, said he saw nine fleet-like objects hovering in tight formation near Mount Rainier, without identifying them, without identifying them. State of Washington. This sighting brought the UFO phenomenon to the attention of world public opinion, giving rise to the popular phenomenon of ufology.

    Kenneth Arnold, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

    Kenneth Arnold

  • In the weeks following Kenneth Arnold’s sighting, there were numerous UFO sightings in the United States. These include the sighting of the July 4th by the sailor Frank Ryman, who made the first official UFO photo and the 7 July sighting by Vernon Baird, who, accustomed to being followed by a flying object disk shape, he made his plane fly out of sight and saw the UFO lose its share and plummet. The search on the ground made by Bozeman’s air base did not find anything.

    the sighting of the July 4th by the sailor Frank Ryman

    the sighting of the July 4th by the sailor Frank Ryman

  • On July 8, 1947, the local Roswell Daily Record reported that the 509th Bomber Group announced in Roswell in New Mexico that it had recovered a (flying) fly. The famous Roswell case was born, where an UFO crashed to the ground and the recovered parts would be taken to Wright Patterson’s air base.

    Roswell case

    Roswell case

  • UFO’s first UFO sighting occurred on January 7, 1948, when at 14 in Maysville (Kentucky) dozens of people saw a circular object that emitted a red light over the city. From the Fort Knox military airport, a team of P-51 fighter jets led by Captain Thomas Mantell to chase the object. However, the aircraft did not have oxygen and Mantell, who pursued the object to a high altitude, was reportedly a victim of the maneuver after the official version of the report that he was in front of a huge metal object.

    Captain Thomas Mantell

    Captain Thomas Mantell

  • On July 24, 1948, in Alabama, two commercial pilots saw an UFO passing close by from their plane. The case was studied by investigators of the Sign Project.

    July 24, 1948, in Alabama, two commercial pilots saw an UFO

    July 24, 1948, in Alabama, two commercial pilots saw an UFO

  • On October 1, 1948, pilot George Gorman spotted an UFO above the skies of Fargo and conducted an airplane track without being able to reach it. The case was studied by investigators of the Sign Project.

    October 1, 1948, pilot George Gorman spotted an UFO

    October 1, 1948, pilot George Gorman spotted an UFO

  • It is considered one of the first sightings after the postwar period outside the American territory. On October 15, 1948, a US night fighter Black Widow was flying on the island of Kyūshū in Japan at a height of about 1500 meters. At 23.05 on the Fukuoka sky the radar picked up the echo of an object, about 8 km away. Hunting increased the speed to reach it, but the object did the same and disappeared. After a while it reappeared again on the radar and the plane made a new attempt to intercept it, but unnecessarily. The object reappeared for the third time on the radar, but this time it was also seen by the pilot, who in the light of the full moon could see that it had a length between 6 and 9 meters and a cylindrical shape with the truncated tail. The object disappeared and reappeared three more times, while the hunt tried unnecessarily to pursue it. After the sixth and last attempt to intercept, the unknown object accelerated to a speed estimated by the pilot of about 1900 km / h and disappeared in 15 seconds. The sighting lasted for a total of 10 minutes. Ground radar stations, unlike radar radars, did not detect anything. The case was studied under the Sign Project and was classified as (unexplained). Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, director of the Blue Book Project, later said that this was one of the first instances where an UFO was detected by a radar.

    October 15, 1948, a US night fighter Fukuoka sky ufo

    October 15, 1948, a US night fighter Fukuoka sky ufo

  • Between 1948 and 1951, in the sky of some states of the South of the United States (especially New Mexico and Arizona), green bullets were spotted, much larger than normal meteors and unusual color. It was hypothesized that it could be unknown natural phenomena, secret weapons or extraterrestrial vehicles.

In the years 50

  • Audited in 1951 in Lubbock, he had extensive publicity. It is considered one of the first massive UFO sighting cases that occurred in the United States. Named Lubbock sighting.

    Lubbock sighting

    Lubbock sighting

  • In July 1952 a series of UFO sightings took place in the sky of the United States capital. Called Washington Carousel.

    Washington Carousel

    Washington Carousel

  • On August 16, 1954, on the town of Antananarivo in Madagascar. It is considered one of the first collective sightings outside of America and Europe. Named Antananarivo sighting.
  • Arrived in Greenland on August 28, 1954 by the crew of a Douglas DC-4 aircraft, which on the Prins Christians Strait saw in the sky 3-4 dark-colored, lens-shaped objects flying in formation. Witnesses reported that the objects changed position by turning north. The case was studied by the Blue Book Project and classified as (unpublished). Named the Prins Christians.
  • In the fall of 1954 numerous UFO sightings occurred, which occurred mainly in Europe. The nation most concerned was France. There were also several sightings in Italy, including the famous sighting of Florence.

    In the fall of 1954 numerous UFO

    In the fall of 1954 numerous UFO

  • In September 1957, a Brazilian journalist received an envelope containing a letter and three pieces of metal. The author of the letter, who appeared as a newspaper reader without revealing his name, stated that he had witnessed an UFO explosion over Ubatuba’s beach and had collected three metal fragments, which he had sent to the newspaper together with letter. One of the samples was analyzed by some Brazilian laboratories, which came to the conclusion that it was made of pure magnesium. Since at that time the technology still did not produce pure magnesium, we hypothesized an extraterrestrial origin of metallic fragments.
  • This sighting took place in January 1958 by the crew of a Brazilian Navy ship. Named Trindade’s sight.

    Trindade's sight

    Trindade’s sight

  • This sighting, also known as Father Gill’s sighting, took place on June 26, 1959 in the Papua and New Guinea Territories and witnessed the Anglican priest Father William Gill. For UFO Jacques Vallée is one of the greatest classics in UFO sighting history.
    Father Gill's sighting

    Father Gill’s sighting

    In the years 60

  • In 1964, in New Mexico, by a policeman, sighting was being investigated by the Blue Book Project.

    In 1964, in New Mexico

    In 1964, in New Mexico

  • In July 1965, Argentine technicians saw a large disk-shaped UFO on the Deception Island in Antarctica. Two photographs of the object were taken. The object was also observed by Chilean meteorologists located in the same island. In the following months, other sightings were reported in the same area.

    In July 1965, Argentine technicians saw a large disk-shaped UFO

    In July 1965, Argentine technicians saw a large disk-shaped UFO

  • It is a alleged UFO crash that would take place on December 9, 1965 in Kecksburg, Pennsylvania. Named Kecksburg incident.

    Kecksburg incident

    Kecksburg incident

  • Happened in April 1966 by students and teachers at a school located in a suburb of Melbourne. It is one of the best-known collective sightings in Australia. Named Westall School sighting.

    Westall School sighting

    Westall School sighting

  • An alleged UFO crash occurred on October 4, 1967 at Shag Harbor, a fishing village in Nova Scotia. This is one of the best-known cases of UFOs in Canada. Named Shag Harbor incident.

    An alleged UFO crash occurred on October 4, 1967 at Shag Harbor, a fishing village in Nova Scotia.

    An alleged UFO crash occurred on October 4, 1967 at Shag Harbor, a fishing village in Nova Scotia.

  • In 1969, the future US President Jimmy Carter, while serving for Georgia as governor, saw an UFO at Leary as he was attending a Lions Club conference.
    In 1969, the future US President Jimmy Carter, while serving for Georgia as governor, saw an UFO

    In 1969, the future US President Jimmy Carter, while serving for Georgia as governor, saw an UFO

    In the years 70

  • On June 30, 1973, the supersonic Concorde performed a flight in Africa with scientific aims aimed at observing a solar eclipse; on that occasion in the heavens of Chad was observed by astronomers aboard the aircraft an unknown object, which was photographed.

    On June 30, 1973, the supersonic Concorde performed a flight

    On June 30, 1973, the supersonic Concorde performed a flight

  • An alleged UFO crash that would take place on January 23, 1974 in Great Britain, in particular on the Berwyn Mountains in Llandrillo, North Wales. Named Berwyn Mountain incident.

    Berwyn Mountain incident

    Berwyn Mountain incident

  • On September 19, 1976, in the sky of the capital of Iran, it is considered one of the most documented military sightings in the history of the ufology. Named the sight of Tehran.

    On September 19, 1976, in the sky of the capital of Iran

    On September 19, 1976, in the sky of the capital of Iran

  • One of UFO’s videos, considered by the most significant ufologists, is a film dating back to the 1970s, where the first flights of the supersonic Concorde passenger aircraft were produced, produced by British Aerospace along with the Aerospatiale. The film, which resumed a Concorde of British Airways flying in southern England, was shot in June 1976 for promotional purposes. In a sequence you can notice a small moving blade at the height of the wing attachment: the quality of the film is low and has several defects; the same object is small and unobtrusive, but a fairly circular and light color is distinguished and at some point disappears because it is covered by the plane. According to some ufologists, this would be an object of unknown origin with a metallic surface approaching the airplane from the right side, then floating around the cabin as you want to (peep) inside, then rotating around the plane , as if he was doing a scan, indicated by experts as a maneuver impossible even for today’s aircraft, to support this hypothesis.
  • In October 1978, young pilot Frederick Valentich disappeared while in flight with a tourist plane after announcing that he had sighted an UFO behind his plane.

    In October 1978, young pilot Frederick Valentich

    In October 1978, young pilot Frederick Valentich

  • In December 1978, a series of UFO sightings occurred in New Zealand. The sighting of December 30 saw the star of a plane on which was a television crew, who made a movie. Named Kaikoura lights.

    In December 1978, a series of UFO sightings occurred in New Zealand

    In December 1978, a series of UFO sightings occurred in New Zealand

  • Verified on August 27, 1979 in Minnesota and involved Val Johnson, Marshal County vice sheriff. Named Marshall County Crash.

    Marshall County Crash

    Marshall County Crash

  • Involved a forest guard, who reported that on November 9, 1979, during a patrol tour, had a meeting with a UFO landed in the forests of the Livingston area in Scotland.
  • On November 11, 1979, he involved a scheduled airplane, forcing him to carry out an emergency landing at the Valencia airport at Manises. It is considered the most famous sighting UFO event in Spain.
    On November 11, 1979

    On November 11, 1979

    In the years 80

  • A series of inexplicable observations and a supposed landing of unknown aircraft in Rendlesham Forest in Suffolk (England) at the end of December 1980, just off the Woodbridge RAF base, currently used by US Air Force. Dozens of USAF people were eyewitnesses of various events over a two to three-day period. Some ufologists believe that it is perhaps the most famous UFO event in Great Britain. Named the Rendlesham Forest Incident.

    Rendlesham Forest Incident

    Rendlesham Forest Incident

  • In January 1981, a farmer reported having seen an UFO landing in his property near Trans-en-Provence, France. The case is reported because it is one of the few instances where an UFO would leave physical traces on the ground. Named Trans-en-Provence sighting.

    Trans-en-Provence sighting

    Trans-en-Provence sighting

  • A alleged UFO crash that would take place on January 29, 1986 in the Soviet Union in the Russian RSSF. Named Dalnegorsk’s incident.

    Dalnegorsk's incident

    Dalnegorsk’s incident

  • Arrived in November 1986 in the heavens of Alaska by the crew of a Japanese cargo plane. Named Japan Airlines Flight 1628.

    Japan Airlines Flight 1628

    Japan Airlines Flight 1628

  • From the end of 1989 to the middle of 1991, some 3,500 UFO sightings were recorded in Belgium. Most of the sightings were concentrated between November 1989 and April 1990. Named (Belgian wave) 1989-1991.
    Belgian wave

    Belgian wave

    In the years 90

  • On August 24, 1990, at about 20:30 in the city of Greifswald, in East Germany, 7 Y-shaped lights were spotted in the sky, moving slowly. The phenomenon lasted half an hour and was seen by hundreds of people, including technicians at the nearby nuclear power plant; photographs and movie clips were taken. Called Greifswald sighting.

    Greifswald sighting

    Greifswald sighting

  • A complex UFO case occurred in Brazil in 1996 involving a UFO sighting, alleged UFO crash and some alleged close-ups with extraterrestrials; there were voices in the city about the capture of some humanoids by the Brazilian Army, but there is no evidence of this and these rumors are judged as a metropolis legend. UFO Kevin Randle wrote that (this case is as complicated as anyone else in the UFO field).

    A complex UFO case occurred in Brazil in 1996 involving a UFO sighting

    A complex UFO case occurred in Brazil in 1996 involving a UFO sighting

  • Verified in Phoenix on March 13, 1997, it is considered one of the sightings with the largest number of documented testimonies. Named Phoenix sighting.
    Phoenix sighting

    Phoenix sighting

    In the years 2000

  • On March 5, 2004, a Mexican military aircraft plane spotted some UFOs in the skies of Ciudad del Carmen, in the state of Campeche.

    On March 5, 2004, a Mexican military aircraft ufo

    On March 5, 2004, a Mexican military aircraft ufo

  • A series of four UFO sightings at Tinley Park near Chicago in 2004, 2005 and 2006. On the evening of August 21, 2004, October 31, 2004, October 1, 2005 and October 31, 2006, three spherical and color lights from the red to the red orange, which were arranged in a triangle and moved slowly into the night sky without making any noise. Named Tinley Park lights.

    A series of four UFO sightings at Tinley Park near Chicago in 2004, 2005 and 2006.

    A series of four UFO sightings at Tinley Park near Chicago in 2004, 2005 and 2006.

  • On the evening of January 5, 2009, between 8:15 and 9:00, five lights were seen in the sky of Morris County, New Jersey, with sightings concentrated in the cities of Morristown, Morris Plains, Madison, Hanover and Florham Park . The case was widely reported by newspapers and televisions.

    On the evening of January 5, 2009, between 8:15 and 9:00, five lights were seen in the sky of Morris County,

    On the evening of January 5, 2009, between 8:15 and 9:00, five lights were seen in the sky of Morris County,

  • On July 7, 2010, Hangzhou-Xiaoshan Airport, located near Hangzhou City in the People’s Republic of China, was closed for a few hours following a UFO sighting at 9:00 pm by pilots of two planes. The news was given by the New China Agency. An investigation was opened on the case.
    On July 7, 2010, Hangzhou-Xiaoshan Airport, located near Hangzhou City in the People's Republic of China, was closed for a few hours following a UFO sighting

    On July 7, 2010, Hangzhou-Xiaoshan Airport, located near Hangzhou City in the People’s Republic of China, was closed for a few hours following a UFO sighting

    According to astronomer Carl Sagan, exobiology scholar and former consultant of the Blue Book Project, the UFO problem should be tackled with scientific skepticism, avoiding the extremes of those who accept the letter any report on the UFOs and those who refuse even to consider the ” arguing that it is anti-scientific to deal with it. The scientist has seriously examined the available UFO documentation, noting first of all that the variety of UFO-related events suggests that they do not have a common origin and that this category is grouped without any relationship between them. The pioneer of deep psychology Carl Gustav Jung has dealt with the UFO phenomenon many times in his writings and in particular in the famous essay A modern myth: the things that are seen in the sky, interpreting them as unconscious psychic representations linked to events of collective relevance.

Another very debated issue among ufologists is the supposed cover-up or burial operation which, according to various authors of ufology, would have been systematically implemented since the 1950s by the military and government authorities of different states ( and in particular the United States), with the will to hide the alleged reality on sightings to the public. These ideas have been found in a plot theory that has some variants depending on the authors.

Historical UFOs, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

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Historical UFOs, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Historical UFOs