Gilgamesh, definition and study. A-Z index  of Cognitio.

Gilgamesh is a divine or divinized hero of the ancient Near East, who appears on three documentary levels: 1) as divine ruler of Uruk in the Sumerian Royal List, composed in Sumerian language; 2) Divinity of Mesopotamian religions in different hymns and inscriptions, composed both in Sumerian and Akkadian languages; 3) as the main character of some mesopotamical religious epics composed both in Sumerian and Akkadian languages, and also in other languages of the Near East.

Sumerians, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Sumerians

His stories, in particular, are narrated in the first epic poem of the history of humanity that came to us, later referred to as the Gilgamesh Epopee. It is a Babylonian epic whose main nucleus dates back to ancient mythological Sumerian tales that were reworked and transcribed later in the Semitic environment. The first structure of the Epopee, to be found in fragments, therefore belongs to the Sumerian literature, while the most complete version so far noted was engraved in Akkadian language on twelve clay plates that were found among the remains of the Royal Library in the palace of King Ashurbanipal in Nineveh , the capital of the Assyrian empire; this late editing of the myth, attributed to the scribe and exorcist Sîn-lēqi-unninni, is therefore supposedly dating back to the 12th century AD. And in any case before the 8th century BC. Regarding the historicity of Gilgamesh figure or not, several scholars have concluded that Gilgamesh was a historical character, or a king, deified in the later era.

Sumerian Real List is a Sumerian wedge text composed between 2100 and 1800 BC with the aim of laying the traditional and political bases for the unification of the territory of Sumer (Southern Mesopotamia). 5 cities, 8 listed in the List, for a total of 241,200 years of reign, when God Enlil triggers the universal flood by destroying humanity.

Great Flood, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Great Flood

God Enki, we know from other Mesopotamian epics, saves a man, Sumerian Noah: Ziusudra, son of the last king of Šuruppak Ubara-Tutu.

Noah, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Noah

The epic of Gilgamesh belongs to the entire Mesopotamian culture, namely the Fertile Crescent, not just to its original Sumerian and Assyrian Babylonian cultures (this is in Akkadian language). Testimony of this fact is the discovery in several languages, beyond the Sumerian and Akkadian, of this epic: from the Sith, to the Curse, to the Lamy. Remarks that also concerned not only the ancient territory of Mesopotamia, but also moved to Anatolia and to the Syria-Palestine area. Regarding the historicity of Gilgamesh figure, several scholars have concluded that Gilgamesh was a historical character, that is, a king who was divinized in the following era. So one can think that Gilgamesh is a non-historical character, so only a divinity of Sumerian mythology inserted in the actual lists and from here entered into the Semitic religious traditions.

Gilgamesh, definition and study. A-Z index  of Cognitio.

© ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

 

To open the video  click on the image, good view from your Alessandro Brizzi.



Gilgamesh, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Gilgamesh