Enki, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Enki is a god of Sumerian Mythology, later known as EA in Akkadian and Babylonian Mythology.

Sumerians, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Sumerians

It was originally identified as the guardian god of Eridu, the religious capital of ancient Mesopotamia.

Later, the influence of his worship spread throughout Mesopotamia, in the Canaan region and among the Hittites and the Hurrites. It was the divinity of crafts, good, water, sea, lakes, wisdom and creation.

It was associated with the southern end of the constellations called Ea stars, but also with the constellation of Pegasus.

His sacred number is 40. A large number of myths about  have been collected from many excavation sites, extending from southern Iraq to the east coast. His first appearances can be found in cuneiform inscriptions throughout the region, dating mainly from the third millennium of the Hellenistic era. His myths seem to have influenced some biblical and Koranic stories. The main temple called E-abzu, meaning abzu temple, which means a house of groundwater, a ziggurat temple surrounded by the Euphrates marshes at the ancient Eridu coast in the Persian Gulf.

The main temple of Enki is called E-abzu

The main temple of Enki is called E-abzu

  He was the guardian of the divine powers called Me, the gifts of civilization. It is often depicted with an ornate crown of the goddess horn dressed in a carp skin.

It is often depicted with an ornate crown of the goddess horn dressed in a carp skin

It is often depicted with an ornate crown of the goddess horn dressed in a carp skin

Considered as the world’s modelers, god of wisdom and all the magic,  was characterized as the lord of Abzu (Apsu in Akkadian), the freshwater or underground water located within the Earth. The first real enrollment of the third millennium BC they mention “Enki’s canes”. Although these canes were a major material dedicated to the manufacture, such as the weaving of baskets and containers, and collected outside the city walls, it was mainly used for transporting the dead or sick. This fact connects Enki with the surge of Sumerian mythology. In another ancient tradition, Nammu,  the creative goddess of primordial matter and mother deity portrayed as “the one who gave birth to the great gods”, was depicted as Enki’s mother and creator of water.

Nammu, mother of Enki

Nammu, mother of Enki

 

 

Enki and Ninhursag and the creation of life and disease

Enki and Ninhursag and the creation of life and disease

Enki and Ninhursag and the creation of life and disease

The myth commonly spread in the land of the Sumerians was that of Ierogamy, a sacred marriage in which the divine principles in the dualistic form of opposites have come together as male and female to give life to the cosmos. In the epic poem Enki and Ninhursag, Enki, as a gentlewomen (also the word sperm), lives with his wife in Dilmun’s paradise.

 

Enki and the Creation of Man

Enki and the Creation of Man

Enki and the Creation of Man

After six generations of gods (in the Babylonian Enuma Elish story), in the seventh generation, the younger gods called Igigi, the sons and daughters of Enlil and Ninlil refuse to carry out their duties and continue in their work of creation. Abzu, the God of the soft waters, co-creator of the cosmos, to punish them threatens to destroy the world by flooding it with its waters. Terrified, the gods gather to try to save their creations. Enki promises to help them and confine Abzu to irrigation channels in the Kur, under his Eridu town. But the universe was still threatened by Tiamat, outraged by the imprisonment of her husband and consort Abzu, and at the suggestion of her son and King, decides to carry on the destruction work begun by Abzu. Terrified gods reunite again and turn to Enki to find help, but the latter (who had harnessed Abzu in the irrigation channels) rejects this second request for help. The gods seek help everywhere and Patriarch Enlil, their father and god of Nippur, promises to defeat Tiamat and save the world as long as he is crowned king of the gods. In the Babylonian tale, Enlil’s role is assumed by Marduk, Enki’s son.

Marduk God, after the creation, has the Anunnaki divided Original article of Alessandro Brizzi.

Marduk God

Thus Tiamat is defeated by Enlil with “the arrows of his wind” thrown down through his throat. Rebuilding paradise with an arch coming from his rib, Enlil puts its tail in the sky like the Milky Way, and from its tiers comes the source of the Tigers and the Euphrates.

Milky Way, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Milky Way

But there is still a problem, who will take care of the cosmos? Enki, who could help them, lies in a deep sleep and can not hear their lament. His mother Nammu (also creator of Abzu and Tiamat) brings the tears of the gods to Enki and says:

“O son, wake up from my bed, from my sleep, do what is wise,

Model the servants for Gods so that they can produce their bread. “

So Enki recommends creating the servants of the gods, humanity, made of blood and clay. THE HUMANS!

Enki, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

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Enki, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Enki