Creationism, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Creationism, in a scientific perspective, is the belief that the Universe, the Earth, and all living organisms originate from specific acts of divine creation, as reported in the Bible, and not from natural processes such as evolution.

In the context of creationism, distinct positions are distinguished:


Creationism of the young Earth

The most radical position is what is now called Creationism of the Young Earth. Creationism of the Young Earth is the most chronologically ancient creationist thought that originates from the Church Fathers and the first debates against the writings of scientists who addressed the problem of the origin of the Earth and of living forms in the light of the discoveries that were made during the development of natural sciences from the eighteenth century. His supporters, giving a nearly literal interpretation of the Bible, claim that the Earth has between 6,000 and 10,000 years of age and reject the conclusions of modern physics, astronomy, chemistry, geology and any obvious scientific and logical evidence. According to James Ussher, Anglican bishop of the seventeenth century, the date of creation was precisely on October 23, 4004 BC at midday.


Creation of the old Earth

Supporters of old Earth Creationism accept the findings of geology but reject the evolution, claiming that all living species, including man, were originally created by God.


The clever design

The clever design is the most recent form of creationism, even though it is from the old thesis of William Paley. It can be defined as the current of thinking that “some of the characteristics of the universe and of living things can best be explained by an intelligent cause, not through an unmanned process like natural selection.” It is a modern form of the traditional teleological argument for God’s existence, which avoids touching the subject of nature or the identity of the “designer”.


Dialogue with evolution: evolutionist theism

Evolutionary theism claims that the universe originated from nothing about 14 billion years ago and that the characteristics of the universe have been elaborated to enable life. The vision that this doctrine has of God is that he would not be limited in space and time, and would create the universe and establish the natural laws governing it. God would have chosen the mechanism of evolution, to create every kind of living being, from invisible naked creatures like microbes to plants and mammals. God would have created special creatures, humans, endowed with intelligence, knowledge of good and evil and free will, willing to seek communication with him. God, omniscient, would have foreseen that these creatures would choose to disobey the moral law.


Non-religious Creationism

Some attribute the creation of life on Earth not to a divine entity, but to the intervention of an extraterrestrial civilization (hypothesis inherent in Exobiology): direct advocates of direct Panspermia are standing, advocated by Francis Crick (Nobel for Discovery of DNA), but there are also advocates of much more difficult theories, introduced by Zecharia Sitchin, Erich von Däniken and Claude Vorilhon, founder of the Raelian movement.

Creationism, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.



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Creationism, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.