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The name comes from the size of the building or, more likely, by the proximity of the colossal statue of Nero. The Coliseum, originally known as Amphitheatrum Flavium or Coliseum is the largest amphitheater in the world, located in the city center of Rome. Able to contain an estimated number of viewers between 50,000 and 75,000 units, it is the most important Roman amphitheater, and the most imposing monument of ancient Rome that has come down to us, known throughout the world as a symbol of the city of Rome and one the symbols of Italy.
In 1980 entered the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the entire historic center of Rome, the extraterritorial zone of the Holy See in Italy and the Basilica of St. Paul Outside the Walls, the complex in 2007, the only European monument, It has also been included among the New seven wonders of the world, following a competition organized by New Open world Corporation. The name “Coliseum” is only spread in the Middle Ages and is derived from the popular deformation of the Latin adjective “Coliseum” (translated into “colossal”, as it appeared in the Middle Ages among the houses on one or two floors). Soon the building became a symbol of the imperial city, expression of an ideology in which the celebration will come to define models for recreation and enjoyment of the people. In ancient times it was used for gladiatorial shows and other public events (hunting shows, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on classical mythology). The tradition that wants the place of martyrdom of Christians is unfounded. No longer in use after the sixth century, the huge structure was reused in various ways for centuries, also like material quarry. Today it is a symbol of the city of Rome and one of its major tourist attractions in the form of archaeological monument regularly visited.
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