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Chinese Archeology, discoveries of ancient myths and gods. A people who owned many inhabitants as Europe more than a thousand years ago, a people who invented the printing press and the paper before us and that is so intensely interested in its history is a people that provide the raw material to fill libraries whole. A nation that offers themes in great abundance, which is reflected in a thousand different facets. Even these words, however suggestive, are able to give an account of the cultural heritage of China, a state with a long, fruitful history, complex and unfortunately suffered, of which much has been written, but you can never say you know enough.

The history of China is divided into dynastic cycles. The first three dynasties were the Xia dynasty, the Shang dynasty and Zhou dynasty that is divided into the period of the Western Zhou and Eastern Zhou period of. Overall, the Zhou dynasty reigned from the eleventh century. B.C. to 221 B.C. Over time they have followed many dynasties, including the most important are the Qin Dynasty (21- 207 BC) hence the name China. This dynasty is famous from an archaeological point of view because it dates from the terracotta army; remind the Tang Dynasty (618-927) in which spreads Buddhism and be testing a rich scientific and literary creation. The past dynasties, also called modern dynasties, are the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) and the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). The first was a dynasty China proper, the second was Manchu, that is governed by the inhabitants of Manchuria. This last dynasty ruled until 1911 when it lost the “mandate of heaven” and it was decided to switch to the Republic.terracotta army

The word shang in Chinese means business. The Shang period was one of the most prosperous and productive periods of Chinese history. Because there were not enough remains to be able to show one hundred percent his existence until they find the oracle bones. For a long time, we wondered if this time it really existed.oracle bones

The oracle bones were discovered, by chance, only recently, in the city of Ngan Yang. The philologist discovered in 1899, in the colonial era, during the Boxer Rebellion in China (the Boxer Rebellion was a popular uprising known). Because of the turmoil of that period, many relics were scattered. The oracle bones are the most important written and practical test Shang Dynasty and the scientific value of this find is equivalent if not superior to the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls. It is bones of animals (in particular ox shoulder blades, deer, and pork, in fact, this practice is also known as scapulimancy) or tortoise shells (the lower part of the shell, the flat) on which were engraved the signs. Some have conjectured that these signs represent numbers but it is much more likely to be of letters, phrases because through this technique you wanted to make requests to the ancestors of numbers so the assumption seems rather far-fetched. The oracle bones, in fact, they had a purpose and divination in the Shang period divination and shamanism were very practiced.Boxer Rebellion in China

The bones and turtle shells were smoothed and softened with a special substance. Then on one side of them were coming off the cavities created in regular rows, so as to cause a reaction on the other side via heat sources. The cavities were the questions, reactions by the heat were the answers. A similar divination is still practiced in Africa when you throw bones in the sand, and Mongolia when you throw sticks in the dust. The criterion is the same.

Chinese Archeology, discoveries of ancient myths and gods.

It is not very clear how the verdict was read, perhaps you looked at the magnitude of the angles formed at the intersection of two major flaws. It was the shaman who played the response, in the absence of this task was done by King as a king in China HAD to have magical powers, for example, he must be able to heal.

In the Shang period scapulimancy reached very complex levels, and in the last period it took to record on the bones also data relating to divination, then the bone will also write:

 

@ A Foreword: date and place where it happened divination

@ The theme of divination

@ The response

@ Verification, that is, if the response after some time has proved accurate or not. The verification was not there forever.

The oracle bones are of extreme importance, were a colossal discovery because they mark the passage from prehistory to history and proved that Chinese history is older than previously thought: today scholars argue that China has a history of seven thousand years. E extremely complicated to decipher the marks on the bones, but the little that you can decipher it is still important historical and archaeological level, for example, have discovered the names of emperors and their family. The experts were able to decipher only a fifth of this immense heritage. If you were able to decipher all the bones would receive an immense cultural contribution.

Chinese Archeology, discoveries of ancient myths and gods.

The Shang had a very strong relationship with the gods and practiced divination for everything from hunting, sacrifices, weather conditions, agricultural work, dreams, construction of buildings etc. This aspect is just one of many divination concerning shamanism. Among the various shamanic techniques of Shang there were also libations, ie Shang consumed alcoholic drinks to reach the trance. During their shamanic rituals, there were always animals, without the presence of them the ‘trip’ you could not accomplish. The sacrifices concerned both people and animals.

Chinese Archeology, discoveries of ancient myths and gods.

The most important deity of Shang was SHANGDI, ie a supreme deity who decided the fate of all men. To contact the Shangdi Shang had to turn to the royal ancestors, regarded as the mediators between the people and the gods. This mediation has led to thinking that maybe Shangdi was an ancient ancestor, actually existed and then “deified”. The Chinese did not believe that the ancestors since they had generated them, would continue to watch over them in good times and bad, so I paid homage constantly.SHANGDI

Towards the end of the Shang period and the sacrifices divination, they were falling into disuse. Divination was considered a formality.

Chinese Archeology, discoveries of ancient myths and gods.

After there was the Shang Dynasty Zhou. The Zhou kept the worship of Shangdi but obviously refused the passage of the ancestors of the god and the people because they were from another clan. The Zhou had developed the concept of a celestial deity, a god of the sky and argued that Shangdi had transferred the mandate of heaven to Zhou: the mandate of heaven is allowed to reign that in the Chinese tradition has to come from heaven. And the sky, according to this tradition, which chooses who must reign and until. The tradition of the mandate of heaven has been continued until the last dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, who reigned until 1911, when both the Qing monarchy itself lost the mandate of heaven.

Chinese Archeology, discoveries of ancient myths and gods.

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Chinese Archeology, discoveries of ancient myths and gods