Canaan, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Canaan is an ancient geographical term referring to a region that roughly included the current territory of Lebanon, Israel and parts of Syria and Jordan. The Hebrew term is of obscure origins, an accredited hypothesis is the connection with the term hurrita kinahhu, found in Nuzi (1450 BC) or even at the Akkadian Kinaḫḫu, referring to the purple-red color that such populations worked.

According to the biblical tradition comes from the name of a character from the Bible, Canaan son of Cam and niece of Noah, from which the Canaanite people would descend (while Jews and Arabs were called Semites as descendants of Sem).

Noah, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Noah

The archaeological evidence of the use of the Canaan name in the ancient Near East (Fertile Crescent) dates back almost exclusively to the period when the region was under the political influence of the New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt.

Old Kingdom, of Egypt, collapsed about climate change Original article of Alessandro Brizzi.

Old Kingdom

In the letters of Amarna and other cuneiform documents the term Kinaḫḫu is used, while other sources of the New Egyptian Kingdom describe numerous military campaigns conducted in Ka-na-na. The country of Canaan had considerable geopolitical importance during the late Bronze Age corresponding to the Amarna period in Ancient Egypt as the area in which the spheres of interest of Egyptians, Hittites and Assyrians converged.

Much of modern knowledge about Canaan comes from archaeological excavations related to sites such as Tel Hazor, Tel Megiddo and Ghezer.

In the Canaanite religion some symbolic elements take on particular importance:

The raised stones are of particular importance. Symbols also present in the original polytheistic religion of the Jews. The raised stones are the symbol of an alliance between men and the gods. They are also phallic symbols that can also represent the consecration of sexuality to Baal, in his role as God of fruitfulness.

The tree or Asherah

The tree or Asherah

The tree or Asherah

The heights

The snake

Jewish symbols

Jewish symbols

Canaan, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

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Canaan, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Canaan