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Bahriyah Oasis eastern part of the Libyan Desert, Egypt, revealed to the Europeans from Italian Belzoni. It occupies a cavity, for the majority of rock or sand, enclosed by steep edges.Egypt Old Kingdom, collapsed about climate change?

Bahriyah Oasis, eastern part of the Libyan Desert.

Numerous springs make it habitable parts, with the presence of palms and vast pastures. The inhabitants are collected in small towns to the northern edge of depression. In 1996 there was discovered a vast necropolis greek-Roman.

Bahriyah Oasis, eastern part of the Libyan Desert.

In the underground tombs they were found 105 mummies stacked with many gold masks, pectoral decorated, body covered in gold leaf, figurines, jewelry, pottery and coins. The foundation of the site, which grew in the Greek era and reached its greatest flowering in the Roman period, dating back to the XXVI Dynasty period that has given the painted tomb, attributed to Eyuf, governor of the oasis, which was found in 2000.

Bahariya has been inhabited since the Paleolithic. During the Middle Kingdom, the oasis was a commercial and cultural center. Bahariya is one of the largest necropolis of ancient Egypt, dating back to the Ptolemaic dynasty and the Roman occupation. In 1999 it has been officially presented the new discoveries made in the Valley of the Golden Mummies that were considered “more and more recent archaeological discoveries of our time.Discovered mummies of crocodile studied by archaeologists.

Bahriyah Oasis, eastern part of the Libyan Desert.

The excavation director, Dr. Zahi Hawass discovered at this location more than 10,000 mummies of the first and second century. C .; these findings are still ongoing enhancement. Some of the golden mummies were placed in a small museum. Noteworthy are also the tombs of pre-Christian Zed Eph Ankh Amun and his son Banentiu, found in a mound not far from the center of the oasis. The colors of the images and hieroglyphics remained particularly well and have nothing to envy those of the tombs of the Valley of the Kings. Among the positive aspects of the discovery, the integrity of the site, not looted and stolen by looters, and the mummies belonging to all social strata.

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Bahriyah Oasis, eastern part of the Libyan Desert.