Axum, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

The main center of Christian Ethiopia, it was the capital of the kingdom of Axum, flourishing in the period around the birth of Christ and which began in the 7th century following the incursions of the Begia and due to the Islamic domination of the Red Sea.

Jesus Christ, archaeologically and historically speaking. Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.

Jesus Christ

Legendary tales attribute the destruction of Axum to a mythical queen, Gudit, in the tenth century. The power was exercised for a few decades by the Zagué dynasty. Towards the end of the twelfth century to the south the empire of Ethiopia arose, which definitively supplanted the kingdom of Axum. The kingdom of Axum had its own written language called Ge’ez and developed an original architecture, characterized by gigantic obelisks.

The kingdom reached its peak during the reign of Ezana, baptized with the name of Abriha in the fourth century. This event marked the official moment for the Christianize of the kingdom. The main Axumite monuments are constructed in the shape of a stele; most of them are in the Northern Park of the stalks, and reach up to 33 meters in height of the Great Stele, which is believed to have collapsed on the ground during construction, while the one still standing taller the Stele of King Ezana reaches 24 meters . Another stele is the Obelisk of Axum mentioned above. These stems are believed to mark tombs, which once carried metal discs attached to their sides.

The legend is that which for centuries has enveloped the Ark of the Covenant. In the Coptic Christian Church of Santa Maria of Sion, a monk supervises and guards the Ark, swearing that it is right there, the Ark that King Solomon stole from Jerusalem and that he brought to Axum, making it a precious gift to his son Menelik.

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In fact, no historian has ever confirmed that the Ark of the Covenant is in the church of Santa Maria of Sion, also because that box covered with gold no one has ever really seen it, only the custodian monk has this privilege.

Axum, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.



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Axum, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.