Atrahasis, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Atrahasis, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio. Atrahasis in Akkadian “the very wise”; and Sumerian literature, named after Ziusudra, also known as the hero of Mesopotamian poems inherent in the Universal Flood, a mythical event he survived and to which gods delivered immortality.

Sumerians, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Sumerians

Since the myth of the Universal Flood is attested in works in Sumerian, it is unclear whether, specifically, the text related to his tale in that language, found in a table referred to in the preceding paragraph, should be understood as the original product of that culture or a Sumerian edition of a previous tale in Akkadian language and therefore belonging to Semitic mythology.

Mythology, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Mythology

Certainly, however, scholars agree that the mythical tale of Atrahasis, with its specific connotation, all reported in Akkadian language, is intended exclusively for the Assyro-Babylonian and therefore Semitic. 

The Poet of Atrahasis

From this poem we have several fragments dating back to different periods, starting from a fragment found in the Library of Ashurbanipal  (668-627 BC) in 1874, we became aware of the existence of this work.

Library of Ashurbanipal

Library of Ashurbanipal

In 1956, the Danish Assyriologist Jørgen Læssøe reconstructed the text demonstrating that he faced the most ancient religious work inherent in “Genesis“.

Genesis, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Genesis

Subsequently, in 1965, British surgeon Wilfred George Lambert published fragments collected at the British Museum in London in his Cuneiform texts from Babylonian tablets, which consisted of the oldest text available to us, dating back to the 18th century BC.

British Museum in London in his Cuneiform texts

British Museum in London in his Cuneiform texts

Of the oldest text, we know three tables, each of which develops for eight columns, four on the front and four on the back, each column consists of about 55 lines.

The whole work consists of a total of 1,245 rows, of which only some have come to us. Here is a summary of the 3 tables:

1 Table: Igigi gods rebel against hard slavery, the Anunnaki gods then decide to create men to replace them; god Enki and mother-goddess Mummu generate men, but after 1,200 years of activity, their “din” convinces Enlil to send him an epidemic, but this is overwhelmed by Enki’s intervention.

Anunnaki, who really were? Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.

Anunnaki

Table II: First attempt failed, Enlil sends down humanity the drought and therefore famine; Even this attempt failed, thanks to Enki’s intervention, Enlil again causes famine by controlling the effects directly; Enki intervenes again, then Enlil convenes a divine assembly and orders the Universal Flood to permanently kill mankind.

Great Flood, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Great Flood

III Table: God Enki succumbs to Atrahasis inviting him to build a boat where to take refuge and where to save all kinds of animals; Atrahasis completes the work just before the Universal Flood; all men perish and the boat of Atrahasis reaches the top of a mountain; the gods flow around the Atrahasis boat, Enlil is furious, but in the end, calmed by Enki, he decides to give everlasting life to Atrahasis; At the same time, the gods are subject to restrictions on mankind.

During an assembly of the archaeological community held in London in 1972, it was announced that thousands of tablets discovered in Mesopotamia had been discovered in a version of the previous flood that of the Bible.

Bible, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Bible

Since then, other versions have been recovered and shown to the world. Depending on the cultures of belonging, the protagonists changed, but the contents of the narration remained almost unchanged.

Atrahasis, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

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Atrahasis, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Atrahasis