Anunnaki world’s: lower world and the upper world. Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.

Arrival of Enlil on our planet, “Earth Command” was removed to Enki, and it was then, probably, that his name or epithet was changed to EA, that is, “water” ladies, instead of “the land lord “.

Enki, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Enki

According to the Sumerian texts, shortly after the arrival of the gods on Earth was agreed a separation of powers: Anu would remain in heaven and would rule the Twelfth Planet; Enlil would be in charge on the lands; Enki, however, was assigned the AB.ZU (apse in Akkadian).

Since the meaning of the EA name was linked to the concept of “water”, scholars have translated AB.ZU as “deep waters”, assuming that, as in Greek mythology, Enlil represented the thundering Zeus, and Ea was the prototype of Poseidon , god of the oceans.

Other times the domain of Enlil was also called the Upper World, in opposition to the Lower World of Enki; Also in this case the scholars have thought that Enlil controlled the atmosphere of Earth, while Ea was the ruler of the “groundwater” – a kind of Hades in which it was believed that the Mesopotamians believed.

Mesopotamian mythology, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Mesopotamian mythology

Even our abyss term (derived from apse) indicates deep water, dark, dangerous, in which you can sink and disappear. 

Therefore, encountering Sumerian texts that spoke of the Lower World, they translated it with Unterwelt (“Underworld”) or Totenwelt (“the dead”); only recently the Sumerology scholars have mitigated the dismal connotation for translations using the term netherworld (roughly “the lower world”, “hell”). The misinterpretation is mainly due to a number of Mesopotamian texts that complained about the disappearance of Dumuzi, better known by the biblical texts and Canaanites as the god Tammuz.

Canaan, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Canaan

And with him that Inanna / Ishtar had her most famous love story; and when he was gone, she went looking for him in the Lower World. The ponderous Tammuz-Liturgen und Verivandtes of P. Maurus Witzel, a fundamental work on “texts of Tammuz” Sumerian-Akkadian, only served to perpetuate the misunderstanding, saying that the epic tale of Ishtar in search of his beloved was “a journey into the realm of the dead, and the final return to the land of the living “.

The Sumerian and Akkadian texts that describe the journey of Inanna / Ishtar to the Lower World state that the goddess decided to go to visit her sister Ereshkigal, Lady of those places, and that Ishtar was not dead, or had been brought there against his will, on the contrary, I came alive and completely unexpected, so much so that in order to enter had to threaten the guardian. One after another, the seven doors that led to the mansion Ereshkigal were opened to Ishtar; When, at the end, Ereshkigal saw her, she was seized by a fit of rage (the Akkadian text says: “He burst into his presence”). Sumerian tale, somewhat vague about the purpose of the trip and cause of Ereshkigal’s anger, reveals that Inanna expected this reaction of her sister, and indeed had warned in advance the other gods about his trip, so providence to free her if she remained imprisoned in the Lower World. Husband of Ereshkigal and Lord of the Lower World was Nergal. The way he had come to the Nether World, and it had become the ruler not only gives us valuable information about the human nature of the “gods”, but also suggests that this world was anything but a “world of the dead”. The story, of which we have several versions, starting with a banquet at which the guests of honor were Anu, Enlil and Ea. The banquet was held “in heaven”, but not in the Anu dwells on the Twelfth Planet. Maybe it happened on board a spacecraft in orbit, since when Ereshkigal could not ascend to reach them, the gods sent them a messenger who “descended the long staircase of the heavens and came to the gate of Ereshkigal.”

Having received the invitation, Ereshkigal ordered to his adviser Namtar: “Get in, Namtar, the long staircase that leads to the heavens; remove the dish from the table, take everything what is rightfully mine; Whatever Anu gives you, bring it to me”. When Namtar came into the banquet hall, everyone stood up to greet him, except “a bald God, sitting down.”

Returned to the Lower World, Namtar reported the incident, and Ereshkigal and all the lesser gods of his reign were offended. Ereshkigal churches that god who had insulted them was sent by her to be punished. That god, however, was Nergal, a son of the great Ea. After reprimanded well, his father sent him to make that journey alone, armed only with a harvest of fatherly advice on how to behave. Came to the door of Ereshkigal, Nergal was recognized by Namtar as the offender and was conducted in ” wide Ereshkigal backyard “, where he was subjected to various tests. At one point, Ereshkigal went for her daily bath… It turned out his body. What is normal for men and women, he … in his heart … embraced, passionately leaned on the bed.

Anunnaki world’s: lower world and the upper world. Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.

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Anunnaki world's: lower world and the upper world. Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.

Anunnaki world’s