Angel, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

In many religious traditions, an angel is a spiritual being who assists and serves God (or gods) or is at the service of man along the path of his spiritual progress and earthly existence. The ancient Greek word ánghelos (messenger) refers to the god Hermes considered the messenger of the gods. The same function is attributed to Iride both in the Iliad and in the Homeric Hymns so in Plato. Similarly, Artemis is mentioned by reference to his relationship with the world of the dead (Hells). Hermes is also “Persephone messenger” and therefore in relation to the world of the dead. The worship of angels flourished in Egypt and Asia Minor between the 2nd and 3rd century AD.

Egypt, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.


Andrea Piras highlights the close connection between the angels and souls of the deceased in the beliefs related to the immortality of the religions of the classical world because according to these beliefs, the best souls were transformed into angels. The religious culture of the Mesopotamian area has elaborated some beliefs on the angels, here referred to as sukkal. The role of the Babylonian angel is that of messenger-messenger of God: Marduk‘s sukkal is, for example, Nabu, Anu’s is Papsukkal, while Inanna’s is Mummu.

Marduk God, after the creation, has the Anunnaki divided Original article of Alessandro Brizzi.

Marduk God

“Angels” play a fundamental role in the Zoroastrian religion. Zoroastrianism is the religion founded by the Iranian prophet Zarathuštra presumably between the X and the VIII centuries BC and that will have a significant influence on Judaism and Christianity itself. The term “angel” is also used for Biblical Hebrew מלאך, mal’akh, always with the meaning of “sent”, “messenger”.

Bible, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.


In an “Apocalyptic” text, dating back to the fifth century BC referred to as the Book of Wizards (inserted in the first Book of Enoch), some angels take human form to accompany themselves to women, thus falling from their heavenly state.

Enoch book, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.

Enoch book

The biblical name for “angel” acquires the later meaning of angel only in connection with the name of God, for example, “angel of the Lord,” or “angel of God”. Other expressions are “sons of God,” and “His saints.” In the Talmudic period, rabbinic exegesis is developed with respect to the nature of the angels. A first subdivision takes place in the belief in the “angels” created for one day in the glory of God, then ending in the “stream of fire,” and those who, like Gabriel and Michael, remain next to serve him in eternity. The angels, according to the first rabbinic sources, speak the Hebrew language, have the ability to fly, are able to move everywhere and predict the future. The rabbis remember how the expression “sons of God” “according to some interpreters are the angels who would take the human form. We would have here a variant of the story of the fall of the angels of the rebellious angels, from whose union with the women’s of the earth the giants were born”. There are innumerable angels with their respective names, among them the best-known Michael, Gabriel, Raphael. It is believed that the angels were created by God on the second day. The Universe, according to the Jews, is inhabited by two categories of beings: angels and humans. There are orders, classes, and rankings of which the main angel is distinguished. Another theory is: The angels are defined in the Bible as children of God, but also as Nephilim and immediately afterward quoted that the Earth was populated by Giants, why this comparison?

Angel, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.



To open the video  click on the image, good view from your Alessandro Brizzi.

Angel, definition and study. A-Z index of Cognitio.