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Alaca Hüyük, site of the north-central Turkey, 180 km east of Ankara; The earliest phase of dating back to the Chalcolithic. Bronze Age II is given a group of 13 rich burials. The graves, pit, returned several funerary objects, often in gold or silver, particularly weapons and jewelry, and also solar discs, vessels for libations, many statues of bulls and deer and so-called ‘standards’, probably part of beds funeral.
During the Middle Bronze Age and the Late Bronze Age, the town experienced its period of greater development, becoming one of the main Hittite city; fortified by walls with towers and two gates (the Gate of the Sphinxes in Southeast and a postern in the West), the city was then equipped with a wide structure, the so-called ‘temple-palace’, which was reached through a small propileo. Its name in Hittite language is unknown although it is believed may be of Arinna, Tawiniya or Zippalanda important religious center of the Hittite empire. The hill (Höyük in Turkish) at Alaca Hüyük was the seat of a continuous sequence of settlements from the Chalcolithic when the first ancient copper tools made their appearance alongside stone tools. The site has been continuously occupied since then to the current settlement in the form of a modern small village. During the Early Bronze Age the hill was the center of a thriving hattica culture, however, the most obvious and the most distinctive architectural remains of Alaca Hüyük site, as the “Gateway of the Sphinx”, date from the Hittite period that followed that of Hatti, from the fourteenth century. B.C. Settlements date back to the ancient attic important artifacts representing the Anatolian art of the time found in thirteen wells dug in the rock: the “Royal Tombs” of Alacahöyük that contained the dead in a fetal position and facing south. These were richly adorned with gold buckles, tiaras, and belt buckles with embossed figures in gold leaf.
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