Aha, the sovereign. Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.

Aha was an Egyptian pharaoh, belonging to the 1st dynasty. The news on this sovereign is extremely scarce and fragmentary. The name Aha appears in the Stone of Palermo as a unifies of Egypt.

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An ebony plate found in Abydos commemorates a campaign against the Nubians. It is possible that we owe him the extension of the southern border to the nomos of Elephantine.

Abydos, archaeologically speaking, original article by Alessandro Brizzi.


The Ebers Papyrus, compiled in the Hyksos era, shows the tradition that Aha would like as a doctor, a tradition also mentioned by Sesto Giulio Africano. The tomb of Aha has been identified in the B10-15-19 complex in the necropolis of Umm el-Qa’ab near Abydos, and presents traces of human sacrifices of servants, to accompany the king in the underworld.

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He was, most likely, the second Sovereign of Egypt after NARMER, of whom he was probably still the only son. Even today we are struggling to determine whether that NEMES, the Pharaoh who diverted the course of the Nile, was Narmer or Aha: the father or the son. Aha, or rather the Combatant, is a figure with soft edges that oscillates between History and Myth.

Aha fully deserved the title of Combatant for his military campaigns. Just as the father, King Narmer, had fought to unify the Two Lands of the kingdom, namely, Upper Egypt and the “Followers of Horus” and Lower Egypt and the “Followers of Seth”, Aha also fought to contribute and certainly succeeded in bringing Southern Egypt, of which it was originally, to Northern Egypt. Like every true Sovereign, Aha did not limit himself; to lead wars of conquests and consolidation of his Kingdom.

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Like him, King Scorpio and King Narmer himself, Aha also dedicated himself to the economic and social development of the Kingdom. For this purpose, he conducted studies and research in various fields. His preference, however, went to Medicine and Architecture. We know that he deepened studies of Anatomy and Edification. He also built a temple dedicated to Neith, one of the most ancient Goddesses of Egypt, which proves to be a strategic and political move in the effort to unify the Kingdom.

Aha, the sovereign. Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.



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Aha, the sovereign. Original article by Alessandro Brizzi.