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Valley Kings, to the west of ancient Thebes, and Narrow rocky valley located on the bank of the Nile.

There the Tombs of the pharaohs of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth Dynasty were excavated from Thutmose I.

There is also that of the Tayet queen, wife of Amenhotep III, and exceptionally were allowed burial there also high dignitaries of the court. Graves plan is sometimes complex; The walls of the rooms are decorated with bas-reliefs and paintings; the grandest and richest tomb is that of Seti I. The valley of the tombs of queens opens at the eastern edge of the Necropolis.

For a period of nearly 500 years, from the eighteenth until the Twentieth Dynasty, ie from 1552 BC to 1069 BC was chosen as the site of the tombs of the rulers of ancient Egypt, the ones that just from the XVIII dynasty will take the name of Per-Aa, or the “Big House”, from which our term of Pharaohs.

The valley is known in Arabic as Biban el-Moluk (There the Tombs of the Pharaohs of the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth Dynasty were excavated from Thutmose I.

There is also that of the Tayet queen, wife of Amenhotep III, and exceptionally were allowed burial there also high dignitaries of the court. Graves plan is sometimes complex; The walls of the rooms are decorated with bas-reliefs and paintings; the grandest and richest tomb is that of Seti I. The valley of the tombs of queens opens at the eastern edge of the necropolis. For a period of nearly 500 years, from the eighteenth until the Twentieth Dynasty, ie from 1552 BC to 1069 BC was chosen as the site of the tombs of the rulers of ancient Egypt, the ones that just from the XVIII dynasty will take the name of Per-Aa, or the “Big House”, from which our term of Pharaohs. The valley is known in Arabic as Biban el-Moluk (بيبان الملوك) or the valley of the “Doors of Kings” (since Bab means “gate” and Biban, he is its plural) and its tombs – until now they have been found 63 – are only buried the kings of the country, while the royal consorts and principles was meant another very next area: the so-called Valley of the Queens. The official name of the valley in the Egyptian language was Ta-Sekhet-at (Big Field).

Valley Kings, to the west of ancient Thebes.

The choice of this particular wadi (valley), and not one of the many other existing, would be the result of various factors of morphological geographical as well as religious. A first reason is probably practical order: the limestone of which is formed the valley is, in fact, easy to work and to be excavated, which enabled a certain ease of processing, as well as the equally simple possibility to obtain enough smooth walls on which to paint. From the morphological point of view also the Valley has only one access, which will allow easy supervision by the sentinels who were placed on the ridges that surround it. Third but a not least geographical feature: the Valley is right on the Nile River and so it was easily accessible from the funeral processions of the ancient kings. The valley expands to about 0.7 km².

Valley Kings, to the west of ancient Thebes.

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Valley Kings, to the west of ancient Thebes.