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Templar Mysteries and Tarot.
The figure of the Knights Templar is certainly among the most fascinating and mysterious history and has always been surrounded by an aura of mystery, in part because it does not seem that the Templars have been a long time to leave written records of their actions, in part for a strong damnatio memoriae that the Church stood, after being sentenced to death at the stake of the last Grand Master, Jacques de Molais, in 1314.
The birth order is placed in the period of the Crusades in the Holy Land. At that time, the places and the roads of the Holy Land were very dangerous, infested with robbers and fanatical Muslims who attacked and robbed the pilgrims. According to traditional historiography nine French knights, led by Hugues de Payns, they decided to visit the Holy Land with a mission to protect pilgrims during their shifts.
The Church welcomed this initiative with enthusiasm and a few years later, in 1129, decided to establish the Order of “Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonis” (Poor fellow soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon), better known as the Order of the Knights Templar.
The establishment aroused much controversy and concerns, as this dual role of soldier and monaco was not very well seen inside the Church. In fact, in spite of their order (Pauperes commilitones), within a few years, things evolved in completely different ways. In fact, on the one hand, the Templars began to enjoy huge legacies and donations, the other with these proceeds planted across Europe a large number of agricultural settlements, economic and political. Even their followers increased greatly in numbers, and with them the “strength” of the military so it can build up in many areas of the Holy Land citadels, castles, fortresses, lookout points and even to adopt a powerful and highly talented fleet.
The Templars thus became in a short time the most powerful Order and therefore, more envied and feared antiquity. Many believe that they also became custodians of many secrets which, if disclosed, could destabilize the Christian doctrine.
It became increasingly frowned upon by the Church, because the order for which it was made had failed. However the real attack was not the order of the Templars by papa Clemente V, but by the French King Philip the Fair that perhaps indebted to the same, to recover the amount, decided to arrest them, accusing them of heresy, sodomy and idolatry.
Probably during the torture many Templars confessed sins and so the Papa Clemente V decided to dissolve the order in 1312 and confiscate their goods in turn. The last Grand Master Jacques de Molay died burned at the stake two years later. Despite the split, the fame of the knights of old was always flooded with legends concerning secrets and mysteries that would have been passed down from select from ancient times. Perhaps the best known of all is the one concerning the Holy Grail.
Some sources say that the Holy Grail would be found by the order and carried to safety in Scotland after the break. According to a recent interpretation of the Holy Grail derives instead from “sang real,” or the blood of the descendants of Jesus, married to Maria Maddalena. The woman, after the crucifixion of Christ fled from Palestine and arrived in France, reaching the tribe of the Franks, with the baby received from Jesus. The first King of the Franks, the Merovingians, would then direct descendants of Jesus.
Maria Maddalena, then he would have a very different role from the one described by the traditional Catholic doctrine. Not just the appearance, but a role similar to that of St. Peter, so that the Templars he had a deep reverence. Some scholars argue that the Templars had also found the Ark of the Covenant, the chest which contained sacred objects of ancient Israel, including the ‘”Aaron’s rod” and the tablets of the Ten Commandments.
All these legends and myths mentioned above, would find further confirmed also in the relationship they would have with the tarot cards.
In fact the Arcana would not have a prediction of the future function as the current Tarot, but the purpose of transmitting secret teachings without the danger they were discovered from unwanted viewers. Although tarot cards have still been evolving over time, in many cases the Templar symbolism is still evident: Tarot cards are still called “Arcana”, a name that better could not postpone the presence of a hidden meaning behind them.
The card of which is depicted a boy hanging by one leg to a tree, is a clear reference to the pagan rite of Dionysus, during which the statue or votive image of God was hanging upside down from a tree, as a wish for rebirth and fertility (especially in spring). Many Templars were found in this way in their graves, to symbolize the rebirth after death.
The paper of the High Priestess, perhaps the most uncomfortable for the Church, is a clear reference to Maria Maddalena and to his great moral and spiritual value. In the original representation the Papessa is depicted on a chessboard-shaped floor (one of Templar symbols par excellence) demonstrating how Maria Maddalena enjoyed a particular protection and veneration at the Templars.
The Tower card is always a likely reference to Maria Maddalena, as the name Magdala in Aramaic means precisely Tower. In addition, the tarot, in today’s version, are composed of 22 major arcana and 56 minor arcana. The minor arcana have given rise to the current by large poker cards in four different suits: wands (clubs), cups (hearts), swords (spades) and money (paintings). Initially each set was composed of 14 cards (numbers 1 through 10, Jack, or Jack, Knight, Queen and King). Strangely the four missing pieces are precisely the knights of each seed, which disappeared immediately after the condemnation of the Templars for heresy.
All the major arcana, however, were censored because during the torture reserved for them, some of the followers confessed their true purpose, so that the Tarot cards were called “the rungs of a ladder that leads to hell. Only the figure of the Magician survived and evolved in the current Jolly Poker deck.
A 150 years after tarot cards appeared in Renaissance Lombardy courts, with recreational purposes and divination, possibly because not all of the followers were executed, but dispersed among the population and somehow managed to pass on from generation to generation secrets. According to some this would be evidence that in fact the order, would never loose and would somehow survived largely secret even after the last Grand Master Jacques de Molay.
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