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Sumerian Anunnaki, made in Akkadian with Anunnakkū, or, occasionally with Anukkū or Enunnakkū, indicating, in the religions of Mesopotamia, all or part of the gods. Their name appears in various ways: “by-one”, “da-nuna-ke4-ne,” or “da-nun-na”, with the meaning of “those of princely blood,” or “royal offspring” or even “descendants of princes”.
Assyriologist Italian Pietro Mander argues that the Anunna Gods are a collective name of deities from the meaning, perhaps, the “princely offspring”, and perhaps: the Kassite period, when it is placed in another collective opposition, Igigi the name passes to designate the infernal deities, while in the period Sumerian designated the set of gods, even heavenly.
However, even when high, dating from the late second millennium, it is called celestial Annunaku (in number of 300) along with those chthonic (which are double: 600). According to the American mythologist David Adams Leemings, their name derives from that of the god Heaven An and would consist of Sumerian gods of the origins, stating the chthonic deities of fertility, associated with the underworld, which is the judges.
The first appearance of this collective name of Mesopotamian deities appears in Sumerian religious literature dating back to the period of Ur III (XX century BC). The relationship between the gods Anunnaki and the Igigi gods is unclear: sometimes the two names are interchangeable, but, in the Semitic myth of the Atra-Hasis flood, the Igigi are the sixth generation of gods, who have to work for the Anunnaki; After their rebellion are replaced by humanity, which is created on that occasion.
The Anunnaki are also mentioned in the Epic of Gilgamesh, the classic version, then in the Akkadian language when Utanapištim tells the story of the Flood.
According to this tradition, the Anunnaki had set fire to the earth before the arrival of the storm. The Anunnaki appear in the Babylonian epic Enuma Eliš.
After the creation of humanity, the god Marduk divided the Anunnaki (the “great gods”) into two groups of three hundred gods each and assigned to the first group to the second heaven and the earth.
In gratitude, the Anunnaki built a new home for the gods Marduk, Enlil, and Ea: the temple of Esagila, which equaled the Apsu. In my point of view, this race has been a fundamental part of the human race, I do not know if they were gods, but it certainly helped to forge human, in fact, according to all the theories and representations, it is the only race that is described as extremely dominant.
Sumerian Anunnaki, made in Akkadian with Anunnakkū.
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