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Pyramid Cheops, study and discoveries in ancient Egypt. The Pyramid of Cheops, also known as the Great Pyramid of Giza or Pyramid of Khufu, is the oldest and largest of the three major pyramids of the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt.
It is the oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world and the only one to remain largely intact. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered with a stone covering that formed a smooth outer surface; what you see is today the basic structure below. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been several scientific and alternative theories about the Great Pyramid construction techniques. The most reliable construction hypotheses are based on the idea that the pyramid was built by moving huge blocks from a quarry that once dragged were raised into place. Inside the Great Pyramid were three rooms discoveries. The lower house, or room underground, is carved into the rock on which the pyramid was built and is unfinished. The so-called Queen’s Chamber and King’s Chamber are higher up within the pyramid structure. The pyramid complex included two mortuary temples in honor of Khufu, three smaller pyramids, called secondary, for the queens of Khufu, an even smaller pyramid satellite or worship, a causeway, called processional ramp connecting the two temples, and small mastaba tombs for nobles surrounding the pyramid. When it was built, the pyramid of Cheops was about 146.6 meters high and it was, therefore, the highest building made until then. Its current height is however of only 138 meters and is, therefore, be slightly higher than the pyramid of Khafre, 136 meters high. Because of this loss of height is probably the removal of the limestone coating which in the past covered the entire pyramid, due both to natural erosion phenomena, both the removal of the calcareous stones by the inhabitants of Cairo, which in the past exploited like the pyramids of stone quarries. The pyramid with its golden pyramidion located on the top, under the sun was shining like a giant gemstone making it visible even at a considerable distance.
Pyramid Cheops, study and discoveries in ancient Egypt.
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