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The discovery of a sumptuous artificially watered garden and a huge swimming pool shows the presence of an advanced hydraulic system, which allowed the inhabitants even of producing olive oil and wine in the heart of the desert.
The monumental outdoor pool in Petra, dates back to 2000 years ago. The “waste” of water from a city located in the desert was a sign of His power.
A monumental garden watered artificially huge pool and made 2,000 years ago to celebrate the greatness of the rulers. It is the surprising finding of the archaeologists at work in the site of Petra, a city located in the southwestern part of Jordan and the ancient capital of the Nabataeans.
This population, originally from the Arabian Peninsula, which later became sedentary, was organized in a strong monarchy, which played a key role in the caravan trade from Arabia to Egypt and to the ports of Syria.
This discovery is also evidence of the great skills of the inhabitants of Petra handle ingeniously and exemplary way the consumption of such a valuable resource as scarce in a city located in the heart of the desert: water.
Thanks to an advanced hydraulic system, in fact, the townspeople were able not only to ensure a secure supply of drinking water, regardless of the season, but also to artificially irrigate the sumptuous monumental garden, crossed by paths lined with trees, vines, palms and herbaceous plants, and it located next to a large open-air swimming pool 44 meters, fed by an aqueduct.
The pool is the terminus of an aqueduct carrying water from one of the sources. The monumental architecture of the pool and the visual success of the Nabataeans green garden celebrated in providing water to the city. The monumental pool was built around the first century BC, but since the previous century, the construction of swimming pools began to become trendy.
A Petra fall from 10 to 15 cm of rain per year. The Nabatean engineers had devised complex irrigation systems that collected rain water and kept hundreds of underground tanks, thus ensuring a continuous supply to the inhabitants of drinking water. The complex system of channels, ceramic pipes, underground tanks and tanks that were used to filter the water, enabled the people of Petra to cultivate, produce wine and olive oil and build a sumptuous monumental garden with a swimming pool in the open air in middle of the desert.
Without the implementation of techniques for conveying, purify, pressurizing and storing water, Petra could not exist.