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Lalibela, northeastern Ethiopia’s Center also called Roha. It is famous for its 10 Monolithic churches, which, according to tradition, would be made to build, carving them out of the rock, between the 12th and 13th cent., From Lalibela, ruler of Zaguè dynasty. Is one of the holiest cities of Ethiopia, second only to Aksum, and a pilgrimage center.
Unlike Axum, the population is almost completely Ethiopian Orthodox Christian.
Ethiopia was one of the first nations who adopted Christianity in the first half of the fourth century, and its historical roots date back to the time of the Apostles. It is generally accepted, especially by the Ethiopian clergy, that the configuration and the names of the major buildings in Lalibela are a symbolic representation of Jerusalem. This has led some experts dating the forms of existing churches to the years after the conquest of Jerusalem by Saladin in 1187. Lalibela is located in the Semien Wollo Zone of the Amhara Region at about 2,500 meters above sea level. It is the principal city of the Woreda. During the reign of Lalibela Gebremeskel, the current town of Lalibela was known as Roha. The holy king was so named because it is said that a swarm of bees girded him at birth, which his mother took as a sign of his future reign as Emperor of Ethiopia. It is said that Lalibela, venerated as a saint, has seen Jerusalem and then he tried to build a new Jerusalem as its capital in response to the part of the Muslim conquest of ancient Jerusalem in 1187. Each church was carved from a single block of rock symbolizing spirituality and humility. The Christian faith inspired many aspects of the place, to which biblical names have been given – even the river of Lalibela is known as the Jordan River. The city remained the capital of Ethiopia from the late twelfth to the thirteenth century.
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