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Kerma Sudan Town, important archaeological site in Africa. Located on the east bank of the Nile, the earliest phase of use dates back to Neolithic times.
Have since been other settlements, increasingly complex, particularly since 2000 BC The vast necropolis and funerary objects coming via attest the various forms of burial. In the Dukki Gel, they arose an Egyptian temple and a large residential building, dating from the New Kingdom. Kerma was the site of a Neolithic culture attested by a field of graves dating to 7500 BC and it is one of the oldest African burial fields. The culture of Kerma has also linked some findings attesting to the domestication of cattle in the area of Sudan. Until recently, the civilization of Kerma was known only for the site of its capital city, the necropolis near it and some other small towns to the north. Recent archaeological discoveries have identified numerous other sites south of Kerma, along with the ancient course of the Nile. Kerma was a large urban center built around a temple town, known as Deffufa. Some aspects of this culture are the ceramic vessels, cattle breeding, a special defense system and the chamber for the hearings of the king. According to archaeological finds the history of the site, after the Neolithic and in the period of the kingdom of Kerma, can be divided into several phases: pre-Kerma 3200a.C period. – 2500BC. with the formation of the first aggregates pre-urban, initial Kerma period 2500BC. – 2050 BC which includes the founding of the city, the construction of the religious quarter and the transformation of the east in the necropolis territories, intermediate Kerma period 2050 BC – 1750 BC during which it will be built the city walls and palaces and classic Kerma period 1750 BC – 1480 BC which includes the period of maximum development with the construction of temples and royal tombs until the Egyptian invasion.
After the Egyptian invasion and subsequent regaining independence of Nubia, the city will continue to exist as a major shopping center but will not be the capital of an independent kingdom. Now the site is located in Sudan and has been excavated by Swiss archaeological missions.
Kerma Sudan Town, important archaeological site in Africa.
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