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Driven by a systematic scientific interest to the phenomena related to the dynamics of environmental change, contemporary historiography has gradually made a series of choices and considerable methodological steps forward, directing them in the sense of a more general reappropriation of events, situations, events, artifacts, objects and products relegated to the limbo of inattention and critical project. It was not only the enlargement and extension of some particular fields of study and research outside and beyond the usual chronological and disciplinary boundaries, and above all because of a real breakthrough, where the determinants environmental came to be the coordinates of a new ‘landscape’ methodology. It has come to define so, with ever greater clarity and spreading to different cultural backgrounds, an interest in knowledge models and intervention that are rooted in the reconsideration of the material and structural aspects of different phenomena. Within the disciplines related to the field of history has gradually established a kind of depth and analysis on the field, developing a growing attention both to the data as to the physical and material aspects of the various subjects under investigation, it has broadened the interest in respect the different cultural and environmental dimensions of the phenomena. The vast panorama of issues relating to the ways, at the time, tools and personalities belonging to the industrial production processes has with clarity oriented towards the analysis of the evolution of techniques and technologies underlying the dynamics of the different modes of production and definition of the forms of environmental modification. The progressive transformation of the physical environment, the man-land, by generations of workers, skilled workers, entrepreneurs, designers and users, has thus become the object of increasingly intensive analysis. With the study of the techniques and methods through which industrial production is organized, it has landed in an integrated reading of the major structural changes that have characterized the different ways in which you express the relationship between man and nature, between the world natural and the artificial.