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Gilgal Refaim wheel of giants: Stonehenge prehistoric. Similarly it happened to the grandiose Nazca Lines in Peru, which were noticed only when they began to fly over those areas.
The same happens in the Golan Heights, about 16 km from the east coast of the Sea of Galilee, in the middle of a large plateau where there are many dolmens, where a very interesting archaeological prehistoric structure often goes unnoticed.
In 1967, after a war, Israel conquered that territory. The archaeological investigations that were analyzed from those areas, revealed the presence of traces of a circular monument that land was not recognized. Subsequent excavations and surveys, have thus brought to light an important very similar to the famous prehistoric monument Stonehenge.
Perhaps one of the oldest remains and extended in the region, is known by the Arabic name Rujm el-Hiri, literally “stone heap of the wild cat.” The complex consists of five concentric circles, the largest off 152 meters, and a massive burial chamber in the middle. The Hebrew name, Gilgal Refaim, meaning “of the giant wheel” and refers precisely to the Giants described in the Bible. It is traced back to 5,000 years ago, according to estimates, placing it as a contemporary of the English Stonehenge. But unlike the monument assembled dolmens and menhirs, the Giant Wheel is formed with 42,000 much smaller basalt stones.
Although there are no sources of who actually have made it, according to some theories it may have been a nomadic people, even if it seems impossible to realize a monument as complex if not working on it at length and with some precise organization. It is estimated that to achieve this monument should have been employing a hundred men for at least six years. It could have an astrological meaning. In the days shorter and longer than the wheel of the year, the solstices in June and December, the sunrise aligns with the opening of the circle. To be critical, the alignments are not perfect, but according to experts this is due to the fact that contemporary technical tools were rudimentary. This tradition of the clubs, which we know well and that has its roots in the solar / lunar religions, linked to the cult of the Goddess and Mother Earth, common to Asia Minor and Europe before then. It is believed that the local residents were using the site to worship the gods of fertility Tammuz and Ishtar, to thank them for the good harvest throughout the year.
Burial site. The tomb is at the center of at least 1000 years more recent than the surrounding structure, suggesting that only after some noble or important character has taken over monument making its final resting place. But, as often it happens when we talk of graves, for some reason of corpses inside did not find, but only jewelry making only assume that it is a grave … Dakhma. The archaeologist Rami Arav, suggests that the site was used with a Dakhma by Zoroastrians in which the dead were abandoned ensure that birds remove meat from bones.
Calendar. In addition to opening in the direction of the solstices, a few notches in the walls appear to lead to the spring and autumn equinoxes.
Astronomical Observatory. The researchers found that the monument was built with dimensions and proportions common to other structures periods, and due to the location of some stars. Today Gilgal Refaim presents itself to visitors as a labyrinth from the walls now dilapidated, and despite being in an Israeli military zone, you can visit it on weekends and for those who are not claustrophobic, crawl into the burial chamber.
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