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Fornax, Latin name of the southern constellation. Fornax chemical cooker, between the sculptor and the Eridanus.
It was introduced by N.-L. Lacaille (1752), who wanted to recognize the figure of a chemical cooker with the Alembic. It is composed of stars rather weak, the brightest being of magnitude 3.9. The Forge is a small and relatively obscure constellation located in middle southern declinations; contains no bright stars, as its brightest star, α Fornacis, it is only of magnitude 3.8, just as there are no bright stars nearby belonging to other constellations. In addition to this, there are some stars of the fourth and fifth magnitude. The constellation is identified by a bend of the long sequence of fourth magnitude stars that outline the central part of the constellation Eridanus and escort must be a dark sky and possibly without Moon.
Enter the confines of Hell we have been numerous discoveries galaxies, even very remote. The best period for your observation in the evening sky falls between the months of November and March; from the northern hemisphere, it shows relatively low on the horizon to the south mid-latitude, in that part of the autumn sky that the city appears completely devoid of stars. Despite its southern declination, it is still observable in full up to the most northern temperate latitudes. In the southern hemisphere, it is rather average very high observed in the sky and its galaxies are a good field of observation by amateur astronomers. The eastern part of the furnace contains a large cluster of galaxies, the Fornax Cluster, which contains a large number of bright galaxies.
The absolute constellation most famous are NGC 1365, one of the most famous and photographed barred spiral galaxies in the sky, thanks to its shape and its very smooth very bright arms; It can also be observed with a small telescope, which shows, however, as an elongated light spot.
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