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The Catacombs of Paris are an underground ossuary in the town of Paris, France and stretch for over 300 km. Located south of the former city gate, the ossuary holds the remains of about 6 million people, making it the largest cemeteries in the world, and occupies part of an ancient quarry caves and tunnels. Although this cemetery covers only a small section of underground tunnels comprising “les carrières de Paris” (“the quarries of Paris”), Parisians today often refer to the entire tunnel network as “the catacombs.” For a length of about 1.7 km, the catacombs are actually part of an artificial circuit of 100 km, a quarry from which were extracted limestone, chalk and clay. Exploited since the Gallo-Roman, in the eighteenth century, it was closed to protect the city from numerous collapses which had caused. The eve of the consecration ceremony on April 7 of that year, followed by a procession of priests drawn carts loaded with bones continued in the years to come, to transfer the deceased. In the work supervised by the Inspector General of the quarries, Charles-Axel Guillaumot, the bones were deposited in a large pit dug in the land bought by a property, “La maison de la Tombe Issoire”, and then be distributed in any underground caverns by workers. Filed at the same home even crosses, urns and relics recovered from the necropolis of other cemeteries of Paris. The catacomb walls are covered with graffiti dating from the eighteenth century. During World War II, the Paris members of the French Resistance used the tunnel system. Also during this period, German soldiers established a underground bunker in the catacombs beneath the Lycée Montaigne, and was established a high school in the sixth arrondissement. Although the catacombs were used to bury the dead in a larger place, they had some disadvantages to building structures. Because the catacombs beneath the streets of Paris, can not be built large buildings. For this reason, in Paris there are not many high buildings.

 

To open the video click on the image, good view from your Alessandro Brizzi.