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Bhimbetka, are an archaeological site located in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, was added in 2003 in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Here you are found the first traces of human presence in India, dating back to about 10,000 years ago during the Stone Age, making them among the oldest in the world. Bhimbetka was cited in archaeological records for the first time in 1888 as a Buddhist site, according to information gathered by local Adivasis.
Some decades later Vishnu Shridhar Wakankar, considered the father of Indian rock archeology, while he was traveling to Bhopal saw the rock formations that reminded him of those already seen in France and Spain. He visited the area in 1957 with a group of archaeologists and discovered rock carvings. Since then it was identified about 700 caves, the most diverse sizes, which housed petroglyphs; of these caves, 243 are in the Bhimbetka while others 178 belong to the so-called Group JUAR Lakha. Archaeological studies have shown that here there were numerous cultures belonging to the Stone Age, the late Acheulean to the late Mesolithic;
They have also discovered the ancient floors and stone walls. The first recordings date back probably to the Mesolithic, but studies for a more detailed dating are still ongoing. The very smooth appearance of the rocks did suggest that this site was once covered by water and that only a subsequent evolution of the earth’s crust has brought to the surface, turning it into an ideal place where the Aboriginal people could find shelter. Among the many recordings of the Bhimbetka if they can find extremely interesting to understand the style of everyday life of the people who have left evidence of their passage: in fact there are scenes depicting the birth of children, group dances, religious rituals, funerals, and of course the natural landscape that was to be located at that time near the caves.
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