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Aswan, Upper Egypt City, located on the right bank of the Nile; the capital of the governorate, joined in Cairo by a railroad (890 km).
Tourist stay; production of fertilizers. A famous granite dam bar a pool of 5.5 billion m3, that from October to July floods the island of File; about 7 km upstream of it, has been realized for energy and irrigation purposes, and to control the floods, the ‘high’ dam, completed in 1970: a height of 105 m above the river bed, 3840 m long, 980 m thick at the base and 40 at the top, feeds a hydroelectric plant by the potential of 2 million kW. Lake Nasser thus created has a capacity of 169 billion m3 and extends up to Wadi Halfa, Sudan. To save the monuments that would be submerged by Lake Abu Simbel.
The settlement, originally located on the front island of Elephantine, with the passage of time, is extended to the site where stands the modern city.
Situated at the confluence of trade routes with rich sub-Saharan Africa’s lands and along the pilgrimage route to Mecca, Aswan benefited from his position, becoming one of the main centers of southern Egypt.
The ancient city, which developed especially in Ptolemaic and Roman Empire, under the name of Siene, becoming home to major military forces, remain a temple dedicated to the goddess Isis, the era of Ptolemy III or IV, and few remains of a second temple constructed perhaps by Domitian.
To the southeast of the modern city, it extends an Islamic necropolis second only to the big city of Cairo died of monumental size and consistency. The proposal is part of history mostly between the 9th and 12th century. In addition to the simple chamber tombs attributed to tulunide age, there are real mausoleums with a domed roof of mud brick, which, based on typological findings were matched to similar structures of the Fatimid era Cairo.
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