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Arslan-Tepe, ancient center of Asia Minor, whose ruins are located near the modern city of Malatya. The Arslan-Tepe site is a tell or artificial hill created by the overlapping of inhabited always rebuilt on the same spot for millennia; It has been continuously occupied since at least the fifth millennium BC until the Roman and Byzantine.
For Arslan-Tepe, the first excavations were conducted French archaeologist L. Delaporte between 1932 and 1939. After World War II investigations were taken up briefly by Claude F. A. Schaeffer. Since 1961 the Italian Archaeological Mission in Eastern Anatolia conducted systematic excavations first under the joint leadership of Prof.
Noons (University of Pavia) and Prof. Salvatore Maria Puglisi (Sapienza University of Rome), then only the quest ‘ last, then the Prof. Alba Palmieri (Sapienza University of Rome), and since 1990 the Professor Marcella Frangipane (Sapienza University of Rome). Impressive is the discovery of a palace complex dated to the late fourth millennium BC One of a kind, it is characterized by the presence of at least two Templar areas, warehouses, paintings and for the discovery of what are considered the most ancient weapons ever found in the world.
The Arslan-Tepe site has a long unbroken chronological sequence ranging from the Late Chalcolithic levels (1-5) to the Byzantine levels. The excavations have allowed clarifying the key role that the site has had especially in prehistoric and early historic periods, at the dawn of the birth of the city and state formation. Arslan-Tepe when it becomes a small farming village (IV-VI sec. A.D.), while it is being built the largest castrum of Melitene in a position closer to the Euphrates (current Eski Malatya town). The modern city of Malatya, while retaining the old name so to speak, was founded only in 1838. The charming layered history of this area is contained in the very long succession of settlements that, overlapping one another in the course of millennia, they have formed the tell Arslantepe, large high artificial hill about 30 meters and with a total area of 4 hectares.
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