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Anyang center of eastern China, in Henan province. A modern settlement Northwest are the remains of an ancient city, considered the last capital of the Shang Dynasty and known by the name of Yin, the end certificate in the Zhou era; the oracle inscriptions found at Anyang instead indicate the site only as Zi Yi, “This Town.” The capital, polynuclear, was divided into a network of settlements of different size and degree of specialization, extended over an area of about 24 km2 along the two banks of the Huan; the most important are Xiaotun and Xibeigang, respectively south and north of the river. At Xiaotun it was identified a sequence of steps that are followed by the Neolithic, pre-dynastic Shang, Shang dynasty and post-Shang, with levels dating from the time of the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Tang Dynasty. To the north of the village, it has been documented at the core of the Shang city, once protected by a moat connected to the course dell’Huan. The buildings rose up on platforms built above ground layers of a thickness of up to 3 m; the elevation of the walls and the roofs were made instead by a mixture of straw and mud. Of the 53 identified platforms, 15, extended over an area of 9 km2, made up the oldest part of the palatial, probably the residence of the king and his clan, dating back at least to the reign of Wu Ding (? -1189 BC ). A Southwest of the southern boundary of the buildings was a cemetery reserved for aristocrats (in 1976 there was found the tomb of one of Wu Ding wives, not only violated aristocratic burial of A.). An extremely complex set of platforms, an area of about 20 km2, could have formed the temple area, linked to the cult of the royal line; Here they were discovered remains of human and animal sacrifices, associated with the construction phases of the structures. In the so-called ‘Southern group’ there is the area of the sacrifices and archives, where, besides the usual sacrificial burials, was found the most recognized oracle bones. At Xibeigang they were identified large graves, probably belonging to the royal necropolis of dynastic age, who have returned precious funerary objects, such as bronze harnesses for the chariot, leather armor, weapons rituals.
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