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Anuradhapura, ancient capital of Sri Lanka. It founded according to tradition in the 6th century. BC, during the 4th King Pandukhabhaya the renewed completely, providing it is a fortified citadel with a palace and residential districts, is a suburban neighborhood for the foreign merchants. When in the 3rd century. B.C. Buddhism was introduced in the island, Anuradhapura became an important center of pilgrimage, since it is linked to the memory of fig tree under which the Buddha had enlightenment. Among the most important monuments, the Ruwanweli Dagoba (Mahatupa) and Dagoba Abhaygiri, reliquaries shaped mound about 115 m high, and Jetavahana (120 m) which is the highest monument in antiquity brick. Between 1989 and 1995, archaeological investigations have documented traces of frequenting the site from the Mesolithic and the existence of a genuine settlement from the Iron Age. ancient part is now only seen the embankment that once surrounded the citadel. Currently the city belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located 205 km north of the capital Colombo, in the northern-central province of Sri Lanka, on the slopes of the historic Malvathu Oya.
It was also a city which experienced a unique culture and a great civilization. Currently the ancient city, consecrated by Buddhist world and surrounded by monasteries covering an area of over 40 square kilometers, is one of the major archaeological sites in the world. This city is also a reference point for Hinduism. According to legend, in fact, Anuradhapura was the fabulous capital of the Asura king Ravana, one of the protagonists of the religious book Hindu Ramayana. The capital of the Rakshasa king Ravana, the epic Hindu epic the Ramayana, is said to be just Anuradhapura. The capital is said to have been set on fire by the legendary devotee of Rama, the lord Hanuman, before the epic battle. A popular legend among the Hindu says, digging anywhere in Anuradhapura, you arrive sooner or later to discover a layer of ash.
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