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Amman city, the capital of the Jordanian kingdom. Since 1947, when it counted 90,000 inhabitants, has experienced a very strong increase of population, especially for the massive influx of refugees occurred after the establishment of the State of Israel after the war of June 1967.
It is the highest industrial and commercial center of the country, with textile and food processing plants, cement factories, tobacco factories. In recent years there has been a discreet tourist movement. Road junction communications, achieved by the railway from Damascus who Proceed to the South, up to Ras an-Naqb. In the surrounding region, phosphate extraction. Already the Ammonite capital as of Rabbath Ammon, in the first half of the 3rd century. B.C. Philadelphia was named in honor of Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Aggregated under Rome to the province of Arabia, it was conquered by the Arabs in 635 and resumed the name of Amman, becoming one of the richest caravan cities, thanks to its location on the road linking Damascus, Bostra and Elat to the Red Sea.
The acropolis of the ancient city has a complicated underground facility for water. They remain remains of walls and a temple dedicated to Hercules. In the lower town are the ruins of a theater of 6000 seat capacity, an Odeon, and a nymph. Nearby you were found many Roman tombs.
The Greek and Roman archaeological remains are added elements of Byzantine civilization and Islam.
Because of several earthquakes and natural disasters Amman remained nothing more than a small village with attached a ruin until the year 1887 when the government came to the Circassians, who decided to build a railway line between Damascus and Medina and the passer Amman to facilitate the residents of their territories the annual pilgrimage to Mecca.
Amman is located in a hilly area of northwest of the Jordan and is located at an altitude of 1,029 m above sea level and 773 meters. The city was built on seven hills, but today covers an area of nineteen hills that are called Jabal or mountain. Many of the districts of Amman take their name from the seven hills features.
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