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Amaravati, location Indian Union, in the State of Andhra Pradesh.
It was the seat of a Buddhist shrine now destroyed; Are fragments of sculptural decoration, examples of local art school who developed an iconography of the Buddha destined to have large fortune in Southeast Asia. Amaravathi is a town situated on the bank of river Krishna in Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh, India. It is famous for the temple of Amareswara dedicated to Shiva. The temple is one of the famous Pancharamas. Amaravati, also known as Dhanyakataka / Dharanikota, was also the place where there once was a great stupa built in the pre-Mauryan. It was also the capital of Satavahanas, the first great kingdom of Andhra kings, who ruled from the second century BC the third century, after the fall of the Maurya. Less exposed to foreign influences, the aesthetics of the school of Amaravati was able to draw on the strain of traditional forms, its own style, creating a plastic original conception, and for a more comprehensive set of form in space, both for the looking for a new relationship between sculpture and architecture. Proof of this are the representations of the bas-reliefs that covered structures stupa now disappeared, like, famous for the relics of the Buddha, which stood at Amaravati and whose carved plates are now kept in museums Indians and the British Museum in London.
The stupa covered a large area of land for a diameter of about five meters. The bas-reliefs that decorated the stupa and the railing that ran around are currently divided between the Madras Museum and the British Museum. Their examination enables us to distinguish testimonies of different ages: the oldest, Bharhut of art, they would be ascribed to the second century. to. C, and belong to a first balustrade. Represent both decorative themes: garlands, lotus, etc.., Both scenes from the life of Buddha and his previous existences. Both kinds of Buddhist iconography therein, and therefore the Buddha is represented by symbols that is in its depiction staff. The compositions are often according to a circular motion and full of life; slender shapes are marked by grace and understated, the distinction of the different plans, it get a pronounced effect of depth. The style of these reliefs does suture between the art of Sanchi and the Gupta.
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