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Ajanta Center Indian Union, in the State of Maharashtra, 80 km NE of Aurangabad.
In its vicinity is a complex of caves cut or adapted in an almost vertical wall of a ravine. Are 24 monasteries and temples 5, mostly decorated with a series of frescoes representing the highest monument conservatives ancient Indian painting. Ranging from the 2nd or 1st century. B.C. the 7th century. A.D.; the arguments are taken from both the life of the Buddha is by Jātaka. Although poorly preserved, some of these figures, such as the Cave of the great Bodhisattvas, belong to the world’s greatest paintings.
The sculptural decoration belongs to the Gupta period and is a good example of a classical style. The Ajanta caves in Maharashtra, India are rock-cut monuments dating from the second century BC containing paintings and sculptures considered cornerstones of Buddhist religious art and monumental painting. The caves are located just outside the village of Ajinṭhā in Aurangabad district. Since 1983, the Ajanta caves are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. According to National Geographic, “faith is the reason why for centuries almost all Buddhist temples, including the ones at Ajanta, were built under the command and the patronage of Hindu kings”.
The caves are located in a ravine in the shape of a horse’s hoof, covered by trees and bushes around 3.5 km from the village of Ajanta. It is located in Aurangabad district in the state of Maharashtra. The nearest towns are Jalgaon and Bhusawal. Down the slope flows the Wagner, a mountain stream. There are 29 caves (numbered by the Archaeological Survey of India) in an official manner, dug on the southern slope of the ravine.
They are dug at a height of between 12 and 33 meters above the river. The monastic complex of Ajanta consists of several viharas (monasteries apartments) and chaitya (stupa) dug in two The first phase is called Hinayana (referring to Theravada Buddhism, when the Buddha was asked). To Ajanta caves, 9, 10, 12, 13 and 15A (the latter discovered in 1956 and not yet officially numbered) were excavated during this phase. Excavations have worshiped the Buddha in the form of the stupa, or hillocks.
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